Our approach to the emerging global reality…
Considering the current local/global pace of change and recognizing that there are increasingly fewer secure jobs, businesses, and/or markets, we believe that the best way to prepare one and all for the future is to enhance and accelerate the way we think, learn, understand and express what we know and what we want to say so that we are effectively prepared for the future, regardless of its permutations.
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Behavioral and Neuroimaging Research of Reading: a Case of Japanese
(Thu 01 of Oct., 2015)
Abstract Behavioral studies showed that AS, an English-Japanese bilingual, was a skilled reader in Japanese but was a phonological dyslexic in English. This behavioral dissociation was accounted for by the Hypothesis of Transparency and Granularity postulated by Wydell and Butterworth. However, a neuroimaging study using magnetoencephalography (MEG) revealed that AS has the same functional deficit in the left superior temporal gyrus (STG). This paper therefore offers an answer to this intriguing discrepancy between the behavioral dissociation and the neural unity in AS by reviewing existing behavioral and neuroimaging studies in alphabetic languages such as English, Finnish, French, and Italian, and nonalphabetic languages such as Japanese and Chinese. (Source: Current Development...MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.
National Health Survey Should Include Dyslexia in Communication Disorder Counts
(Wed 30 of Sep., 2015)
The August Leader News in Brief article “Almost 8 Percent of U.S. Children Have a Communication or Swallowing Disorder” provided information from the National Health Interview Survey report, which cited communication disorders as speech, language and voice problems, with no mention of dyslexia. Because dyslexia occurs far more often than the reported “3.3 percent language problems,” it could not have been included in that figure. (Source: The ASHA Leader Online)
“Shall We Play a Game?”: Improving Reading Through Action Video Games in Developmental Dyslexia
(Sun 27 of Sep., 2015)
Abstract Impaired linguistic-phonological processing is the most accepted explanation of developmental dyslexia (DD). However, growing literature shows that DD is the result of the combination of several neurocognitive causes. Visual attention and magnocellular-dorsal (MD) pathway deficits are now considered causes of DD. Interestingly, a large portion of literature showed that action video games (AVG) are able to improve attentional and perceptual skills in typical readers. Consequently, employing AVG trainings in individuals with DD could improve attention and perception, resulting in better reading skills. The aim of our review is to show the benefits of the AVG training on DD through the changes in the neurocognitive functions at the basis of learning to read. Since visual att...MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.
Resting-State and Task-Based Functional Brain Connectivity in Developmental Dyslexia
(Sun 27 of Sep., 2015)
Reading requires the interaction between multiple cognitive processes situated in distant brain areas. This makes the study of functional brain connectivity highly relevant for understanding developmental dyslexia. We used seed-voxel correlation mapping to analyse connectivity in a left-hemispheric network for task-based and resting-state fMRI data. Our main finding was reduced connectivity in dyslexic readers between left posterior temporal areas (fusiform, inferior temporal, middle temporal, superior temporal) and the left inferior frontal gyrus. Reduced connectivity in these networks was consistently present for 2 reading-related tasks and for the resting state, showing a permanent disruption which is also present in the absence of explicit task demands and potential group differences i...
Mutation in CEP63 co-segregating with developmental dyslexia in a Swedish family
(Tue 22 of Sep., 2015)
Abstract Developmental dyslexia is the most common learning disorder in children. Problems in reading and writing are likely due to a complex interaction of genetic and environmental factors, resulting in reduced power of studies of the genetic factors underlying developmental dyslexia. Our approach in the current study was to perform exome sequencing of affected and unaffected individuals within an extended pedigree with a familial form of developmental dyslexia. We identified a two-base mutation, causing a p.R229L amino acid substitution in the centrosomal protein 63 kDa (CEP63), co-segregating with developmental dyslexia in this pedigree. This mutation is novel, and predicted to be highly damaging for the function of the protein. 3D modelling suggested a distinct conformationa...MedWorm Sponsor Message: Directory of the best January Sales in the UK. Find the best Christmas presents too.